What technology trends will continue, and perhaps transform adult basic education in the future? Here are ten that could — and perhaps already are beginning to — transform adult basic education (which also includes English language learning for immigrants, adult secondary education and transition to higher education) :
1. Blended Learning. Within the next five years most adult basic education programs will have web-based instruction that supplements what students do in class. For an example of this, read about what the San Mateo Adult School is doing, http://www.smdailyjournal.com/articles/lnews/2014-07-04/adult-school-in-san-mateo-goes-digital-web-videos-of-classes-help-students-boost-their-studies/1776425126069.html and look at their online video clips http://smaceclasssclips.weebly.com/. These videos are actual classroom lessons also made available to their students online.
Blended learning will enable students who have access to the Internet to: put in more time on task, review a lesson that they found difficult to understand when it was presented the first time in class, and to make up a missed class. It may enable students to progress more quickly. It will also enable teachers who wish to, to provide a range of ways to teach the same topic. Online lessons can include video files, audio files, simulations/games that can be accessed from mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets, texts, screen captured multimedia presentations and more.
2. Flipped Learning. In flipped learning a teacher develops or finds suitable “homework,” most often instructional videos, that students are assigned to watch before class. A flipped class is no longer a teacher presenting to a large group but a teacher, peer tutor, volunteer tutor or aide working with students who need one-on-one or small group help. In an ideal flipped classroom the teacher has a management information system and knows before the class who has watched the instructional video lesson, and whether they are ready to be assigned more difficult lessons, if or that they need a little or a lot more help. S/he then organizes the class to provide that help. It may be technology’s best answer to the competency-based Mastery Learning model Benjamin Bloom proposed several decades ago, but that teachers have found difficult to achieve in their classrooms. Flipped Learning, of course, is one type of blended learning. For more information about flipped learning, and to join the adult basic education and ESL group there, go to the Flipped Learning Ning at http://flippedclassroom.org/ http://flippedclassroom.org/group/adult-basic-education-and-adult-esl-or-esol-flippi
3. Pure Distance Learning. This is online learning with little or no face-to-face interaction. It has been around for many years in adult education, beginning before digital technology with well designed correspondence courses that were successful for example in rural areas of new York State. With the help of Project Ideal, a national consortium of many of the states that offer adult distance learning, and with leadership from states such as California, pure distance learning is already a reality in adult basic education and I think it will continue and grow.
4. Mobile Learning (mlearning). Adult basic education teachers who regularly survey their students to learn if they have access to the Internet through computer, and/or smart phone, and/or electronic tablet, are finding that smart phone access is a fast-growing phenomenon, especially among immigrants, but also among other adult learners, including a big growth trend among African American students. Students’ smart phones are not always used for learning, but savvy teachers have designed BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) learning models, and are finding useful language learning and other adult basic education apps. This will continue to grow, but a major impediment in many adult basic education programs and adult schools is the lack of resources to purchase broadband wireless that can be accessed in all the classrooms. For examples of mobile learning with adults, tale a look at Susan Gaer’s web site http://susangaer.com/studentprojects/ Also, note the rapid growth in mobile learning apps for adults, for example those that can be found on “Scoop.it”. As the founder and moderator of the Mlearning Wiggio Group, I would be happy to extend an invitation to those who are interested in joining this online group. (Email me at firstname.lastname@example.org )
5. Online Curricula Aligned with College and Career Ready (CCR) Standards. A major change in U.S. adult basic education is that for the first time all states are — to one degree or another — using a set of common curriculum standards. The College and Career Readiness Standards, an adult education version of the Common Core State Standards, is now in place, and in many states programs are now expected to create curricula aligned to these standards. One logical outcome could be the development of (voluntary) state and national adult education curricula that if well-developed and can be shown to produce good learning outcomes might be widely used. We’ll see.
6. Computer-based Assessment. The GED® 2014 exam is already offered primarily on computers, and all the high school equivalency tests are moving in this direction. I also expect that we will see more formative assessments being made available online.
7. Digital literacy assessment and instruction. This trend has been growing for several years, and some of today’s examples include:
- Minnesota’s Northstar digital literacy assessment http://digitalliteracyassessment.org . It’s available online, free to anyone who wishes to use it. For a modest fee it also has a license to those who wish to offer certificates and with the license comes training on how to use the assessment properly.
- Teknimedia’s Total TekAssess and various courses that align with it http://www.teknimedia.com/html/computer_skills_assessment1.html
- OECD/PIAAC PST-RE E & S Online, a relatively inexpensive online assessment of literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology rich environments is said to be coming out sometime in 2014.
- Learner Web. http://learnerweb.org available in ten states, offers among its curricula digital literacy and broadband consumer awareness
- GCF Learn Free http://www.gcflearnfree.org/ Free digital literacy instruction.
- The Literacy List lists other free online digital literacy resources http://home.comcast.net/~djrosen/newsome/litlist/complit.html
8. Online Professional Development. With the advent of national curriculum standards, and a raised bar for high school equivalency and college readiness assessment as a result, the current level of online and blended adult basic education professional development will undoubtedly grow. For examples of where this is offered now, see http://wiki.literacytent.org/index.php/AlePDOnline , and for “a video window on other adult basic education teachers’ classrooms” take a look at the authentic classroom videos in the Media Library of Teaching Skills http://mlots.org .
9. Intelligent Tutoring In adult literacy education is new. One example, the Autotutor Intelligent tutoring program developed at the University of Memphis and being used by the National Center for the Study of Adult Literacy, has a fascinating “trialogue” feature that, in addition to an interactive automated tutor who responds to the the learner, provides an interactive online adult learner. This is the closest thing I have seen to an automated (granted, small group) classroom, and can be quite engaging.
10. Online Simulations/games Examples of adult English language learning simulations include Xenos http://www.xenos-isle.com/ and Skylab Learning http://skylablearning.com/ . Several years ago a free online adult work-oriented reading, writing and numeracy simulation was developed called The Office. It will be found at http://www.lexiconsys.com/theOffice.html
Perhaps you see other adult basic education technology trends, or have comments about the trends that I see. If so, please send your comments.